How to Apply Heat Transfer Vinyl to T-ShirtsBy ShirtSpace | Aug 23, 2019 | Updated May 16, 2022
Using heat transfer vinyl is a quick way to add lettering, images, and decorations to t-shirts. The process is quick and easy—as long as you have some basic materials and a hot iron, you can turn any shirt into a one-of-a-kind work of art. Iron on vinyl for shirts is all the rave these days and for all the days to come! Check out our guide and follow these 5 easy steps to make your next HTV t-shirt creation!
Step 1: Pick a shirt.
Step 2: Choose your vinyl type.
Step 3: Create your design
Step 4: Prep your shirt.
Step 5: Iron on your vinyl design to your shirt.
Step 1: Pick a Shirt- Natural or Synthetic Shirts?
It’s entirely possible to use vinyl transfers on synthetic shirts, or those that are not 100% cotton. However, remember, your iron will be extremely hot and will be used to press the iron vinyl on shirts anywhere from ten to forty seconds. That’s long enough to melt many synthetic fabrics. It is important to research which fabric, Cotton or Polyester, is best for your materials and design.
You must check the heat transfer vinyl instructions to see if you can use the vinyl with polyester shirts and other synthetic material. You could always use cotton shirts, since the material is always a safe bet for using heat transfer vinyl.
Step 2: Choosing your Vinyl Type
Iron on vinyl for shirts is available in a variety range of styles and colors, from iron on vinyl letters, to vinyl iron on decals and everything in between. You have your choice of:
· Smooth transfers in matte and gloss
· Smooth transfers with glitter
· Flocked transfers for a soft, fuzzy finish
· Patterned transfers
· Gold and metallic transfers
· Reflective transfers
Step 3: Create Your Design
This is the fun part, as heat transfer vinyl offers plenty of opportunities for creativity when creating your design.
It’s essential to remember that you must use your editing software to “flip” the image before printing. If you don’t, the transfer will be the mirror image of what you wanted: not a big problem if you’re printing snowflakes, but a disaster if you are working with iron on vinyl letters because you’ve included words in your design. Or vinyl iron on decals for a brands' logo. So remember, always flip or reverse the image before printing!
Step 4: Preparing Your Shirt and How to Transfer Vinyl
Pre-wash any shirt you’re going to use with vinyl transfers. If you don’t, the finished iron vinyl on shirt may shrink when washed, pulling at the vinyl edges, and creating an unsightly look- and an uncomfortable shirt!
As for the transfer, once your artwork is ready to go and your garments are washed, you must cut out the design with using a craft knife or cutting tool. Realistically, investing in a plotter that is used to cut vinyl, is your best bet. A wildly popular and affordable option is the Silhouette Cameo. Using a plotter simplifies the process, as opposed to using a knife, as it is difficult to achieve enough pressure and accuracy to successfully cut out your design.
Assuming you will be using a plotter, make sure to refer to the plotter’s cutting settings, as well the instructions provided by the manufacturer of your vinyl. This is very important and will save you many headaches throughout the process.
Once you’ve finished cutting out your artwork using either a knife or plotter, don’t be alarmed if you're unable to see the cuts through the clear backing paper when you turn the vinyl transfer over. The vinyl material is quite thin, so the cuts are still there but aren’t highly visible.
Next, you will need to trim all of the extra vinyl that is surrounding your image. Then, you must peel off the vinyl from the unwanted areas of the transfer, a process called weeding. Large areas are easy to peel by hand, but for small sections, special weeding tools are extremely helpful. If you don’t have any, use the point of a safety pin or a pair of tweezers to peel up small areas that need weeding.
Step 5: How to Iron On Vinyl
Most vinyl transfers require a very hot iron setting to adhere the vinyl, so be sure to read the heat transfer vinyl’s instructions before ironing. Double check that you have properly prepped your garment by following the steps above. Before you apply your image to your shirt, make sure and iron the shirt first to remove any wrinkles and prepare the garment.
Next, position the vinyl on the shirt with the vinyl facing down and the backing paper facing up. Cover the vinyl with a towel or handkerchief, or if you have a Teflon sheet or parchment paper, those are even better.
Place the iron over the towel or parchment paper that is covering the vinyl and leave it for the amount of time recommended in the manufacturer’s instructions. Following the manufacturer’s instructions is extremely important! Also, keep in mind that the entire image must be covered with the iron, so you may have to apply the iron section by section if your image is a large design.
Finally, remove the iron and let the transfer cool for about thirty seconds before carefully peeling off the backing paper. This will prevent smooth areas from pulling up with the backing paper when you peel. Now, presto! You just turned an ordinary shirt into something extraordinary.
Christie10/27/2022 10:31 pm
How about an article on what to do when things go wrong or how to avoid problems. What if you get a transfer from ebay and it doesn't come with instructions, but you really need to make sure it works for a special project. What causes the paper to stick to your design: too much heat or not enough heat? Leaving the iron on too long? Why are you not supposed to use steam? What does the parchment paper or handkerchief do, just keep residue off your iron, or does it do something more?
ShirtSpace11/03/2022 10:53 pm
Hi Christie, Thank you for this feedback. These are all great suggestions, and definitely relatable "uh-oh" moments. Thanks for reading our blog and stay tuned for more content!